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Washington - Officials: Trump To Declare Jerusalem As Israeli Capital

Published on: December 5, 2017 09:13 PM
Last updated on: December 5, 2017 09:44 PM
By: AP
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A general view shows part of Jerusalem's Old City and the Dome of the Rock December 5, 2017 REUTERS/Ammar AwadA general view shows part of Jerusalem’s Old City and the Dome of the Rock December 5, 2017 REUTERS/Ammar Awad

Washington - President Donald Trump will recognize Jerusalem as Israel’s capital on Wednesday despite intense Arab, Muslim and European opposition to a move that would upend decades of U.S. policy and risk potentially violent protests.

Trump will instruct the State Department to begin the multi-year process of moving the American embassy from Tel Aviv to the holy city, U.S. officials said Tuesday. It remains unclear, however, when he might take that physical step, which is required by U.S. law but has been waived on national security grounds for more than two decades.

The officials said numerous logistical and security details, as well as site determination and construction, will need to be finalized first. Because of those issues, the embassy is not likely to move for at least 3 or 4 years, presuming there is no future change in U.S. policy.

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To that end, the officials said Trump will sign a waiver delaying the embassy move, which is required by U.S. law every six months. He will continue to sign the waiver until preparations for the embassy move are complete.

The officials said recognition of Jerusalem as Israel’s capital will be an acknowledgement of “historical and current reality” rather than a political statement and said the city’s physical and political borders will not be compromised. They noted that almost all of Israel’s government agencies and parliament are in Jerusalem, rather than Tel Aviv, where the U.S. and other countries maintain embassies.

The U.S. officials spoke to reporters on condition of anonymity Tuesday because they were not authorized to publicly preview Trump’s Wednesday announcement. Their comments mirrored those of officials who spoke on the issue last week.

The declaration of Jerusalem as Israel’s capital is a rhetorical volley that could have its own dangerous consequences. The United States has never endorsed the Jewish state’s claim of sovereignty over any part of Jerusalem and has insisted its status be resolved through Israeli-Palestinian negotiation.

The mere consideration of Trump changing the status quo sparked a renewed U.S. security warning on Tuesday. America’s consulate in Jerusalem ordered U.S. personnel and their families to avoid visiting Jerusalem’s Old City or the West Bank, and urged American citizens in general to avoid places with increased police or military presence.

Trump, as a presidential candidate, repeatedly promised to move the U.S. embassy. However, U.S. leaders have routinely and unceremoniously delayed such a move since President Bill Clinton signed a law in 1995 stipulating that the United States must relocate its diplomatic presence to Jerusalem unless the commander in chief issues a waiver on national security grounds.

Key national security advisers — including Secretary of State Rex Tillerson and Defense Secretary Jim Mattis — have urged caution, according to the officials, who said Trump has been receptive to some of their concerns.

The concerns are real: Trump’s recognition of Jerusalem as Israel’s capital could be viewed as America discarding its longstanding neutrality and siding with Israel at a time that the president’s son-in-law, Jared Kushner, has been trying to midwife a new peace process into existence. Trump, too, has spoken of his desire for a “deal of the century” that would end Israeli-Palestinian conflict.

U.S. officials, along with an outside adviser to the administration, said they expected a broad statement from Trump about Jerusalem’s status as the “capital of Israel.” The president isn’t planning to use the phrase “undivided capital,” according to the officials. Such terminology is favored by Israeli officials, including Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu, and would imply Israel’s sovereignty over east Jerusalem, which the Palestinians seek for their own future capital.

Jerusalem includes the holiest ground in Judaism. But it’s also home to Islam’s third-holiest shrine and major Christian sites, and forms the combustible center of the Israeli-Arab conflict. Any perceived harm to Muslim claims to the city has triggered volatile protests in the past, both in the Holy Land and across the Muslim world.

Within the Trump administration, officials on Tuesday fielded a flood of warnings from allied governments.

The Jerusalem declaration notwithstanding, one official said Trump would insist that issues of sovereignty and borders must be negotiated by Israel and the Palestinians. The official said Trump would call for Jordan to maintain its role as the legal guardian of Jerusalem’s Muslim holy places, and reflect Israel and Palestinian wishes for a two-state peace solution.

Still, any U.S. declaration on Jerusalem’s status ahead of a peace deal “would harm peace negotiation process and escalate tension in the region,” Saudi Arabia’s King Salman told Trump Tuesday, according to a Saudi readout of their telephone conversation. Declaring Jerusalem as Israel’s capital, the king said, “would constitute a flagrant provocation to all Muslims, all over the world.”

In his calls to Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas and Jordan’s King Abdullah II, Trump delivered what appeared to be identical messages of intent. Both leaders warned Trump that moving the embassy would threaten Mideast peace efforts and security and stability in the Middle East and the world, according to statements from their offices. The statements didn’t speak to Trump’s plans for recognizing Jerusalem as Israel’s capital.

Ahmed Aboul-Gheit, the head of the Arab League, urged the U.S. to reconsider any recognition of Jerusalem as Israel’s capital, warning of “repercussions.” Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan told his Parliament such recognition was a “red line” and that Turkey could respond by cutting diplomatic ties with Israel.

French President Emmanuel Macron said he reminded Trump in a phone call Monday that Jerusalem should be determined through negotiations on setting up an independent Palestine alongside Israel. Meeting U.S. Secretary of State Rex Tillerson in Brussels, EU foreign policy chief Federica Mogherini said actions undermining peace efforts “must be absolutely avoided.”

Despite Trump’s comments to world leaders, U.S. officials said an embassy announcement wasn’t seen as imminent. Instead, they said Trump on Wednesday would likely sign a waiver pushing off any announcement of moving the embassy to Jerusalem for another six months.

Trump also will give wide latitude to his ambassador in Israel, David Friedman, to make a determination on when a Jerusalem embassy would be appropriate, according to the officials. Friedman has spoken in favor of the move.

Majdi Khaldi, Abbas’ diplomatic adviser, said Trump’s recognition of Jerusalem as Israel’s capital could end Washington’s role as mediator.

“This would mean they decided, on their own, to distance themselves from efforts to make peace,” Khaldi told The Associated Press in perhaps the most sharply worded reaction by a Palestinian official. He said such recognition would lead the Palestinians to eliminate contacts with the United States.

Changing Jerusalem’s status would be “a stab in the back,” Husam Zomlot, the Palestinians’ chief delegate to Washington, told the AP.

Palestinian political factions led by Abbas’ Fatah movement called for daily protest marches this week, starting Wednesday. East Jerusalem, now home to more than 300,000 Palestinians, was captured by Israel in 1967 and then annexed in a move most of the international community has not recognized.



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Read Comments (13)  —  Post Yours »

1

 Dec 05, 2017 at 09:21 PM True yid Says:

A sad day for all Jews. We are all loyal citizens to the USA and not to Israel. We are deeply concerned of the violence it can bring. Jerusalem is not a political entity but a holy city. It is a vast difference. May H shield us from the repercussions it can bring.

3

 Dec 06, 2017 at 01:06 AM Teaneck Jew Says:

Mr. President I love you dearly but this is going to be the biggest mistake you would make to date. The Bloodshed and consequences is not worth it the political move. As an international Jew I beg of you do not do this.

4

 Dec 06, 2017 at 01:58 AM true yid Says:

No affilliaton with NK. Just a plain True Yid seeing right from wrong and black from white and sometimes shades of grey. This decision is unfortunately s black one and a Zionist propoganda that wont benefit a single jew. wake up!

5

 Dec 06, 2017 at 06:06 AM Anonymous Says:

Reply to #1  
True yid Says:

A sad day for all Jews. We are all loyal citizens to the USA and not to Israel. We are deeply concerned of the violence it can bring. Jerusalem is not a political entity but a holy city. It is a vast difference. May H shield us from the repercussions it can bring.

We are loyal citizens of the US and not Israel, indeed. And if our President deems it in the best interest of our country to recognize Yerushalayim as the capital of Israel, we stand four-square behind him!

6

 Dec 06, 2017 at 08:02 AM Anonymous Says:

Reply to #1  
True yid Says:

A sad day for all Jews. We are all loyal citizens to the USA and not to Israel. We are deeply concerned of the violence it can bring. Jerusalem is not a political entity but a holy city. It is a vast difference. May H shield us from the repercussions it can bring.

Sorry, sir, but you are no different than the cursed Palestinians. Every single reference in words of anything at all, or any action taken by Israel, is somehow interpreted as a "reason" to commit acts of violence and terror. You are no different. Any statement at all about Israel brings out your NK hate against Klal Yisroel. You are a pathetic stain on the image of Klal Yisroel. May H protect us all from the havoc and tum'ah that you and your ilk bring on Klal Yisroel.

7

 Dec 06, 2017 at 08:47 AM PaulinSaudi Says:

Any idea why he is doing this? 7

8

 Dec 06, 2017 at 08:56 AM Anonymous Says:

I like anyone to explain to me how this move will help Israel except make a political bonus for Trump. If violence erupts and chas v'sholom a Jewish life is lost it should be a lesson of Trump's ability to gain politically regardless of the consequences..

9

 Dec 06, 2017 at 08:59 AM Anonymous Says:

Reply to #4  
true yid Says:

No affilliaton with NK. Just a plain True Yid seeing right from wrong and black from white and sometimes shades of grey. This decision is unfortunately s black one and a Zionist propoganda that wont benefit a single jew. wake up!

learn english spelling

10

 Dec 06, 2017 at 09:10 AM Anonymous Says:

Reply to #6  
Anonymous Says:

Sorry, sir, but you are no different than the cursed Palestinians. Every single reference in words of anything at all, or any action taken by Israel, is somehow interpreted as a "reason" to commit acts of violence and terror. You are no different. Any statement at all about Israel brings out your NK hate against Klal Yisroel. You are a pathetic stain on the image of Klal Yisroel. May H protect us all from the havoc and tum'ah that you and your ilk bring on Klal Yisroel.

We'll talk next week after the consequences and we'll discuss if it was worth it

11

 Dec 06, 2017 at 11:04 AM abilenetx Says:

I don't understand that any country but Israel should say where their capital is. I thought the country is to say where their capital is, no US, no UN, no world but Israel. I wonder if France asked the world where their capitol will be, I bet Italy, Spain, Germany, etc. ever asked is it okay if I call my capital this city, or that county, etc. It is an affront that someone other than Israel is to declare and say where there capital will be. Is Israel a Banana Republic or a sovereign nation????

12

 Dec 06, 2017 at 11:33 AM yaakov doe Says:

Trump's timing is simply awful since it will have a major impact on visitors to Israel during December and January which are peak times. Expect to see airfare deals as reservations drop.
Could the purpose be to cause a war which the evangelicals, who support Trump, think will cause the return of the Jewish man they pray to?

13

 Dec 06, 2017 at 11:28 AM Anonymous Says:

Reply to #5  
Anonymous Says:

We are loyal citizens of the US and not Israel, indeed. And if our President deems it in the best interest of our country to recognize Yerushalayim as the capital of Israel, we stand four-square behind him!

We are loyal and pray for him and never engage in any negative rhetoric but we may beg to differ as he is convinced hes doing the Jews a big favor while hes riling up antisemitism to the next level.
Trump has no idea that Judaism does not need Jerusalem as its capitol. Ita a holy entity, not a political one as our gedolim in the past wrote. Its out there for everyone to see. Its the Zionists that are feeding him and hes falling for it. Jews around the world are deeply concerned for the backlash. Hashem yishmor!

14

 Dec 06, 2017 at 03:37 PM Anonymous Says:

Reply to #13  
Anonymous Says:

We are loyal and pray for him and never engage in any negative rhetoric but we may beg to differ as he is convinced hes doing the Jews a big favor while hes riling up antisemitism to the next level.
Trump has no idea that Judaism does not need Jerusalem as its capitol. Ita a holy entity, not a political one as our gedolim in the past wrote. Its out there for everyone to see. Its the Zionists that are feeding him and hes falling for it. Jews around the world are deeply concerned for the backlash. Hashem yishmor!

Go take your medication. You are seriously obsessed with Zionism. Even those who ally themselves with the medinah don't think about Zionism as much as you do. If you are so serious, get away from the computer, go learn Torah, or say Tehilim.

You're one sick joke. Get help.

15

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